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Phosphate is necessary for the formation of bones and teeth

Phosphate is needed for the regulation of cell function, activation of enzymes, and as building material for DNA.

Brief about phosphate

  • Phosphate is the second most common mineral in the body and is vital for humans.
  • Phosphate intake has doubled from the 1990s to 2012.
  • Phosphate is mainly obtained through protein-rich foods such as meat, legumes, and dairy products.

What is phosphate?

Phosphate is the second most common mineral in the body and is vital for humans. Phosphate participates in cellular energy production, regulation of the body’s acid-base balance, and is part of the structure of cell membranes. Phosphate is needed for the regulation of cell function, activation of enzymes, and as building material for DNA. It is also necessary for the formation of bones and teeth.

Approximately 80% of the body’s phosphate is stored in the skeleton and teeth, with the remaining amount primarily found in cells. Phosphate is obtained from food and excreted via the kidneys.

According to the Swedish National Food Agency, the recommended daily intake for an adult is 600 mg. The recommended daily intake varies depending on age and also during breastfeeding or pregnancy.

The main sources of phosphate are protein-rich foods such as meat, legumes, and dairy products.

What does a high value mean?

An elevated concentration of phosphate in the blood is called hyperphosphatemia.

Elevated values can be seen in conditions such as:

What does a low value mean?

A low concentration of phosphate in the blood is called hypophosphatemia.

Reduced values can be seen in conditions such as:

What are the reference values for P-Phosphate?

Women: 0.80-1.5 mmol/L

Men 18–50 years old: 0.70-1.6 mmol/L

Men > 50 years old: 0.75-1.4 mmol/L

Reference values may vary depending on where the analysis is performed and which analysis method is used.

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